Indonesia’s defense capabilities are significantly bolstered by its arsenal of ballistic and air defence missiles. This includes the KHAN Ground-to-Ground Ballistic Missile System, an export version of the Turkish BORA-1 missile, and the HISAR family of mobile air defence missiles. The country is also developing a new surface-to-air missile known as the Perkasa. Each of these systems plays a crucial role in Indonesia’s defence strategy, offering a blend of precision, range, and flexibility. This article provides a detailed overview of these formidable components of Indonesia’s defence capabilities.
Indonesia’s Key Ballistic Missiles
The KHAN Ground-to-Ground Ballistic Missile System, an export version of the Turkish BORA-1 missile, is a significant asset in Indonesia’s defense arsenal. This single-stage, solid-fuelled missile is designed for precision strikes against ground targets. It boasts a maximum range of 280 km and is capable of carrying a payload of 1,000 kg. The missile system is typically truck-mounted using an 8 X 8 chassis with a multi-barrel launcher, allowing for mobility and flexibility in deployment. One of the key features of the KHAN missile is its high accuracy, with a Circular Error probability (CEP) of just 10m. This accuracy is achieved through the use of a GPS and GLONAS-aided inertial guidance system, ensuring the missile hits its target with a very high degree of precision. The combination of range, payload capacity, and accuracy makes the KHAN missile a formidable component of Indonesia’s defense capabilities.
The HISAR-A Low Altitude version is part of the HISAR family of mobile air defense missiles developed by Indonesia. These missiles can be mounted on a range of platforms, including tactical trucks or tracked vehicles. Specifically designed to intercept aircraft and cruise missiles at low altitudes, the HISAR-A missile has an intercept range of 10-15 km and an altitude range of 0-10 km, making it a crucial component of Indonesia’s air defense system.
The HISAR-O Medium Altitude version is another key component of the HISAR family of mobile air defense missiles. This solid-fuelled missile has an intercept range of 25 km and an altitude range of 0-20 km and carries a payload of 100 kg. It is designed for precision, with an accuracy of within 10 meters, and can be launched from a mobile launcher. Both the HISAR-A and HISAR-O missiles are equipped with advanced guidance systems, including inertial navigation and imaging infrared seekers, as well as a one-way data link for secure and reliable communication.
Indonesia is currently developing a new surface-to-air missile known as the Perkasa. The Perkasa is a medium-range missile with a range of 50 km and an altitude range of 15-30 km. It is specifically designed to intercept aircraft and cruise missiles at high altitudes. The Perkasa missile is solid-fuelled and carries a payload of 200 kg. It boasts an accuracy of within 20 meters, making it a highly precise weapon. The missile can be launched from a mobile launcher, providing flexibility in its deployment. This development represents a significant advancement in Indonesia’s defense capabilities.
Indonesia’s defense capabilities have been bolstered by the acquisition of advanced missile systems, including the KHAN Ground-to-Ground Ballistic Missile System, the HISAR-A Low Altitude and HISAR-O Medium Altitude surface-to-air missiles, and the Perkasa surface-to-air missile. These systems, each with its unique strengths and capabilities, play a crucial role in safeguarding Indonesia’s airspace and deterring potential adversaries.