Ballistic missiles are of utmost importance in a nation’s defence strategy in the contemporary era of warfare. Azerbaijan, renowned for its advanced and varied weaponry, possesses a selection of ballistic missiles that grant it a significant strategic advantage. This article presents a brief analysis of Azerbaijan’s top ballistic missiles: the Tochka Missiles, the LORA Ballistic Missile, and the EXTRA (Extended Range Artillery) Guided Rocket. Each of these ballistic missiles possesses distinct specifications and capabilities, showcasing the progression of missile technology and Azerbaijan’s strategic requirements.
Azerbaijan’s Top Ballistic Missiles
The Tochka Missiles also referred to as the Scarab A and Scarab B, are tactical ballistic missiles that were developed in the Soviet Union. These missiles have a length of 6,400 mm (250 in) and a diameter of 650 mm (26 in), weighing approximately 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). The Scarab A has a maximum firing range of 70 km, while the Scarab B can reach up to 120 km. They are equipped with various types of warheads, such as chemical, 100 kt nuclear warhead, EMP, or fragmentation filling. The guidance system of these missiles relies on inertial guidance, with the Tochka-R variant featuring an additional passive radar to counter radar installations. The Tochka missiles have an accuracy of 150 m, whereas the Tochka-U boasts a higher accuracy of 95 m.
The LORA Ballistic Missile, developed in Israel, is a theatre quasi-ballistic missile with impressive specifications. It has a length of 5.2 meters and a diameter of 624 mm, weighing 1.6 tons. This missile is armed with a 570 kg warhead, which can be configured as a high explosive, bomble, or high-speed penetrator warhead. With an operational range of 90 to 430 km, the LORA Ballistic Missile is capable of reaching hypersonic speeds. Its guidance system combines inertial navigation, GPS, and a TV terminal, ensuring an impressive accuracy of 10m CEP.
The EXTRA (Extended Range Artillery) Guided Rocket is an artillery rocket developed in Israel. It has a length of 4.7 meters and a diameter of 306 mm (12.0 inches). With a weight of 570 kg, this rocket can reach a maximum firing range of 150 km. Its guidance system relies on a combination of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and Inertial Navigation System (INS), ensuring an accuracy of 10m CEP. Additionally, these rockets are equipped with advanced warheads and can reach even further distances, up to 300 km.