Bangladesh’s Press Freedom Plummets: Ranks 165th globally, second-last in South Asia

The report highlights that in the Asia-Pacific region, which is the world’s second most challenging region for journalism, Myanmar, China, North Korea, Vietnam, and Afghanistan are among the top 10 most dangerous countries for media personnel.

Bangladesh has dropped two places in the 2024 World Press Freedom Index published by Reporters Without Borders on World Press Freedom Day. The country now ranks 165th out of 180 nations, placing it second-last among South Asian countries, ahead of only Afghanistan.

Bangladesh’s score on the index has decreased from 35.31 last year to 27.64 out of 100 this year. In 2022, the country ranked 162nd with a score of 36.63, while in 2021, it held the 152nd position with a score of 50.29.

In South Asia, Nepal has emerged as the leader in press freedom, ranking 74th globally with a score of 60.52. The Maldives follows at 106th with a score of 52.36. Bhutan, previously the regional leader, now stands third in the region with a score of 37.29 and a global ranking of 147th.

Sri Lanka is fourth in the region, ranking 150th globally with a score of 35.21. Pakistan occupies the fifth regional position, standing at 152nd place. India holds the sixth position regionally and has climbed to 159th globally from last year’s 161st.

Afghanistan has plummeted 26 places to 178th, with a score of 19.09, ranking at the bottom of the South Asian region.

The report highlights that in the Asia-Pacific region, which is the world’s second most challenging region for journalism, Myanmar, China, North Korea, Vietnam, and Afghanistan are among the top 10 most dangerous countries for media personnel.

Norway retains the top spot in the global index with a score of 91.89, followed by Denmark, Sweden, Netherlands, Finland, Estonia, Portugal, Ireland, Switzerland, and Germany in the top 10.

The 2024 World Press Freedom Index assesses the level of freedom enjoyed by journalists and media across various countries and territories, analyzing five contextual indicators: political context, legal framework, economic context, sociocultural context, and safety. The report emphasizes that press freedom worldwide faces threats from political authorities, as indicated by a significant global average decrease of 7.6 points in the political indicator.