According to information from open sources and media reports, Cambodia has officially confirmed its first case of the Zika virus since 2016, as announced by the country’s Ministry of Health (MoH) in a press statement. The patient, a seven-year-old girl hailing from central Kampong Thom province, was initially admitted to Baray Santuk Referral Hospital on suspicion of dengue fever. However, subsequent testing conducted on Thursday revealed that she had tested positive for the Zika virus.
The Zika virus is classified as a flavivirus and is primarily transmitted by the Aedes species of mosquito. It can also be transmitted through sexual contact, blood transfusions, and congenitally from an infected mother to her child, as noted in the statement.
Typical symptoms of Zika infection include fever, headache, rash, red eyes, and joint pain. Most patients recover within a relatively short period, typically ranging from two to seven days, with a very low fatality rate. However, the statement emphasized the severe risk that Zika poses to pregnant women, as it can lead to fetal death in the womb.
In response to this confirmed case, the Ministry of Health has issued a call to action, urging the public, particularly pregnant women, to exercise vigilance and take measures to protect themselves from Aedes mosquito bites. Additionally, individuals displaying symptoms of Zika infection are encouraged to seek medical attention promptly.