India’s Plan to Establish New Research Station, Maitri-II in Antarctica by 2029

Maitri-II, signifies a significant expansion of India’s research capabilities in the region. This strategic decision comes at a time when competition in Antarctic research is intensifying worldwide.

The Indian government has unveiled its ambitious plan to establish a new research station, Maitri-II, in East Antarctica by January 2029. This upcoming facility situated just a few kilometres away from the existing Indian research base, Maitri, signifies a significant expansion of India’s research capabilities in the region.

A Strategic Move Amidst Global Competition

This strategic decision comes when competition in Antarctic research is intensifying worldwide. Notably, China has been making remarkable progress in this field, already in the process of constructing its fifth research base on the continent. Against this backdrop, the establishment of Maitri-II demonstrates India’s commitment to maintaining a robust presence in Antarctica and contributing to the advancement of global scientific knowledge.

The new research base will strictly adhere to environmental protocols outlined by international organizations and the Indian Antarctic Act, which was passed in 2022. This reflects India’s dedication to conducting responsible and sustainable research practices.

Enhancing Research Quality

The Maitri-II station has been designed to accommodate approximately 90 scientists, a significant increase compared to the existing Maitri station. This expanded capacity is expected to enhance the quality and breadth of Indian research in Antarctica, enabling more scientists to conduct research across a wider range of disciplines.

The original station, Maitri, was established in 1988 with an initial operational period of ten years. However, it has remained operational for over three decades, necessitating the construction of a new and modern facility. The establishment of Maitri-II signifies the recognition of the importance of updating and expanding research infrastructure to meet the evolving needs of scientific exploration.

Detailed Project Timeline

A meticulously planned and well-structured project timeline has been devised for the establishment of Maitri-II. The process commences with the development of a comprehensive master plan, followed by the engagement of a consultant and the design of the new station. Subsequently, the drafting of tender documents and the tendering process take place, leading to the award and signing of the contract. The consultants then conduct a thorough site survey.

Upon the successful completion of these initial stages, the project progresses into the construction phase. This phase encompasses activities such as road cutting and formations at the site, prefabrication and procurements on the mainland, transportation of materials to Cape Town/Antarctica/Indian Barrier, and the necessary preparations for construction in Antarctica by the designated construction company. The final components are subsequently transported from the Indian Barrier to the site, and construction in Antarctica by the construction company commences.

The project aims to achieve completion of construction by January 2029, signifying the commencement of a new era in India’s Antarctic research.

Commitment to Environmental Protection

Dr Thamban Meloth, director at the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR), emphasized India’s dedication to safeguarding the Antarctic environment by highlighting the passage of the Indian Antarctic Act in 2022 and the subsequent Indian Antarctic Environmental Protection Rules in 2023. The NCPOR, based in Goa, has already submitted a proposal to the central government, showcasing their collaborative and well-coordinated approach to this endeavour. Union Minister of Earth Sciences, Shri Kiren Rijiju, further emphasized the government’s commitment to transparency and public communication regarding their research initiatives in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha.

Significance

The establishment of the Maitri-II research station in Antarctica offers numerous strategic and geopolitical advantages for India, as well as substantial progress for its research and development endeavours.

The establishment of the Maitri-II research station in Antarctica marks a major strategic move for India, offering numerous benefits and advancements for its research and development endeavours.

By setting up this new station, India will have the capability to conduct extensive research across various scientific fields, including climate change, geology, ocean observations, electric and magnetic flux measurements, and environmental monitoring. This will not only contribute to global scientific knowledge but also help tackle critical issues such as climate change.

Moreover, the establishment of this research station will bolster India’s presence in Antarctica, which is crucial considering the growing global competition in Antarctic research. Countries like China are also expanding their research bases, making it imperative for India to strengthen its foothold in the region.

The new research base will strictly adhere to environmental protocols outlined by international bodies and the Indian Antarctic Act enacted in 2022. This showcases India’s unwavering commitment to responsible and sustainable research practices.

Replacing the existing Maitri station, which has been operational for more than three decades, the construction of a new and modern research facility signifies a significant upgrade in India’s research infrastructure in Antarctica.

Furthermore, the Indian Antarctic Programme presents opportunities for collaboration with other nations, fostering shared scientific advancements and strengthening diplomatic ties.

Overall, the establishment of the Maitri-II research station positions India as a key player in Antarctic research, underscoring its dedication to addressing global scientific and environmental challenges. The multifaceted strategic significance of India’s new research station in Antarctica is expected to have far-reaching impacts in the years ahead.