Kazakhstan’s Top Ballistic Arsenal: Unveiling The Nation’s Strength

This article delves into the depths of Kazakhstan’s top ballistic arsenal, focusing specifically on two formidable missiles – the OTR-21 Tochka-U and the R-300 Elbrus.

Kazakhstan, a significant player in Central Asia, possesses a crucial role in the intricate realm of global defence through its ballistic missile capabilities. This article delves into the depths of Kazakhstan’s top ballistic arsenal, focusing specifically on two formidable missiles – the OTR-21 Tochka-U and the R-300 Elbrus. By examining their propellant types, guidance systems, range, and speed, we explore the intricate technical aspects of these missiles and their strategic implications.

Kazakhstan’s Top Ballistic Arsenal

Kazakhstan’s ballistic missile arsenal relies heavily on the SS-21-B Scarab-B (NATO designation: OTR-21 “Tochka-U”). This short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) was developed by KBM (Kolomna) and utilizes solid propellant and inertial guidance. It is equipped with a warhead that can either explode into high explosives fragmentation or release submunitions. The missile is highly mobile, with a range of 70 km (43 mi) to 120 km (75 mi) and a maximum speed of 1.8 km/s (1.1 mi/s; Mach 5.3). The Scarab A variant weighs 2,000 kg (4,400 lb), while the Scarab B variant weighs 2,010 kg (4,430 lb). It measures 6,400 mm (250 in) in length and 650 mm (26 in) in diameter, requiring a crew of 3 to operate and having a unit cost of $300,000. The OTR-21 “Tochka-U” is highly valued for its road mobility, solid propellant, and ability to launch immediately without fuelling procedures. Its high speed and compact size make it difficult to intercept, enhancing its effectiveness as a deterrent. Its versatility in accommodating various warhead types also makes it a valuable asset in addressing different tactical scenarios.

The R-300 Elbrus (NATO: SS-1C “Scud-B”) serves as a crucial component of Kazakhstan’s ballistic missile arsenal. This particular short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) is armed with a high explosives warhead and utilizes a liquid propellant and inertial guidance system. With a range of 275km to 500km and a maximum speed of Mach 5, it possesses impressive capabilities. Additionally, its road-mobile nature enables flexible deployment, while weighing approximately 5,900 kg for the Scud B variant. The missile itself measures 11.25 m in length and 0.88 m in diameter. In terms of accuracy, the Circular Error Probable (CEP) stands at 450m, indicating that under identical conditions, half of the missiles fired would land within this radius of the intended target. By offering an extended range compared to the OTR-21 “Tochka-U”, the R-300 “Elbrus” significantly enhances Kazakhstan’s ballistic missile capabilities. Furthermore, its liquid propellant allows for a greater payload capacity, further bolstering its effectiveness as a formidable weapon in potential conflict scenarios.