List Of Kuwait’s Top 5 Battle Tanks

This article explores Kuwait’s top 5 battle tanks. From the T-72, T-62, and T-55 tanks of Soviet origin to the American M60 Patton and the modern M1A2 Abrams, we delve into the detailed specifications, historical backgrounds, and strategic roles of these colossal armoured vehicles.

Within the constantly changing realm of military technology, the main battle tank continues to serve as a prominent representation of ground force strength. This article explores Kuwait’s top 5 battle tanks. From the T-72, T-62, and T-55 tanks of Soviet origin to the American M60 Patton and the modern M1A2 Abrams, we delve into the detailed specifications, historical backgrounds, and strategic roles of these colossal armoured vehicles.

Kuwait’s Top 5 Battle Tanks

The M1A2 Abrams, an advanced American main battle tank, was designed by Chrysler Defence (now General Dynamics Land Systems) and named after General Creighton Abrams. It was given the green light for production in 1990 and represents a significant technological advancement over the original M1A1 design. The development of the M1A2 Abrams stemmed from the unsuccessful MBT-70 project, which aimed to replace the outdated M60 tank. Weighing in at approximately 68 short tons (62 metric tons), the M1A2 Abrams is one of the heaviest tanks in active service. It introduced various cutting-edge technologies to the US armoured forces, such as a multifuel turbine engine, advanced Chobham composite armour, a computerized fire control system, separate ammunition storage in a blowout compartment, and NBC protection for the crew’s safety. Initial versions of the M1 were equipped with a 105 mm M68 gun, while later iterations featured a license-produced Rheinmetall 120 mm L/44 designated M256.

Regarding Kuwait’s acquisition of the M1A2 Abrams, the US State Department informed the US Congress on December 12, 2016, that it had approved a potential foreign military sale to Kuwait for the modernization of their 218 M1A2 main battle tanks. The contract was estimated to be worth $1.7 billion if finalized. Kuwait is presently upgrading its fleet of 218 M1A2 Abrams tanks, which were originally received from the US between 1994 and 1997, to the M1A2K standard. The first

The M60 Patton, an American second-generation main battle tank (MBT), was officially standardized as the Tank, Combat, Full Tracked: 105-mm Gun, M60 in March 1959. Derived from the M48 Patton series, the M60 featured a 105mm main gun and a four-man crew. It was considered an enhanced version of the original Patton tank design. Introduced in 1960, the M60 Patton MBT was deployed to counter the new Soviet tanks, which possessed superior firepower compared to the existing M48 series tanks stationed in Europe. The M60 offered improved firepower, armour protection, and cruising range.

The T-55, a line of Soviet main battle tanks, was introduced in the years following World War II. The first T-54 prototype was completed in Nizhny Tagil by the end of 1945. By the late 1950s, the T-54 had become the primary tank for armoured units of the Soviet Army, as well as the armies of the Warsaw Pact countries and others. Since their introduction in the latter half of the 20th century, T-54s and T-55s have been involved in numerous armed conflicts around the world. With estimated production numbers ranging from 96,500 to 100,000, the T-54/55 series is the most-produced tank in history.

The T-62 tank was developed by the Soviet Union and was first introduced in 1961. It was an upgraded version of the T-55 series and shared many design elements with its predecessors, such as a low profile and thick turret armour. However, the T-62 was unique in that it was the first production tank to be equipped with a smoothbore tank gun, which allowed it to fire APFSDS rounds at higher velocities. Despite becoming the standard tank in the Soviet arsenal, the T-62 did not completely replace the T-55 in export markets due to its higher manufacturing costs and maintenance requirements. While later models were introduced in successor states of the Soviet Union, the T-62 remained in reserve in the former USSR and continued to be used by other countries on the frontlines.

The T-72, a Soviet main battle tank, was first produced in 1969 as an improvement to the T-64. The T-64 had faced issues with high costs and immature developmental technology. Despite this, the T-72 has been a successful model with over 25,000 tanks produced and many still in service due to refurbishment. It has been exported to 40 countries and used in various conflicts. The T-90 and Chinese Type 99 are further developments of the T-72. Today, modernized T-72 models are still being produced and developed. During the invasion of Kuwait, Iraq utilized T-72s along with other tanks, and it is possible that some were abandoned during the Iraqi retreat.