List Of Uzbekistan’s Tanks: A Comprehensive Overview

This article delves into the analysis of the T-72, T-64B, and T-62M/MV tanks from the Soviet era, focusing on their history, design, and capabilities. 

Uzbekistan, situated in Central Asia, boasts a rich cultural heritage and historical significance, with the ancient Silk Road passing through its territory. The country is known for its diverse landscapes, from the arid Kyzylkum Desert to the picturesque Fergana Valley. In terms of defence, Uzbekistan maintains a strategic position in the region, prioritizing national security. The country’s armed forces focus on modernization, and Uzbekistan actively participates in regional security initiatives to address shared challenges. As part of its defence strategy, Uzbekistan collaborates with neighbouring nations to enhance regional stability, reflecting its commitment to maintaining peace in Central Asia. This article delves into the analysis of the T-72, T-64B, and T-62M/MV tanks from the Soviet era, focusing on their history, design, and capabilities.

Uzbekistan’s Tanks

Uzbekistan possesses the T-72 tanks in its military arsenal. The T-72, a series of Soviet main battle tanks, commenced production in 1969. It was created as an alternative to the T-64, which faced challenges due to its expensive nature and reliance on immature technology. With approximately 25,000 T-72 tanks manufactured, many have been refurbished and remain in active service for several decades. This versatile tank has been extensively exported and has participated in conflicts across 40 countries. The T-72 is equipped with a V-84 liquid-cooled four-stroke multi-fuel diesel engine, generating 618kW (840hp), resulting in a power-to-weight ratio of 13.8kW/t. It incorporates a planetary transmission with a hydraulic servo-control system, running gear with RMSH track, and torsion bar suspension.

Significantly surpassing the T-64, around 25,000 T-72 tanks have been produced. Through refurbishment, numerous tanks have been able to serve for extended periods. Its widespread exportation has led to its deployment in 40 countries and involvement in various conflicts. The Russian T-90, introduced in 1992, and the Chinese Type 99 are further advancements based on the T-72. Presently, production and development of modernized T-72 models continue. The primary purpose of the T-72 was to engage and neutralize tanks, armoured targets, and enemy troops. It is armed with a 125 mm cannon featuring a smooth barrel, capable of firing up to a range of 4,500 meters. As a medium battle-tracked vehicle, the T-72 exhibits exceptional cross-country manoeuvrability.

The T-64B is an upgraded variant of the Soviet T-64A tank, boasting several improvements such as a new engine and a gun stabilization system. It also features redesigned armour, a 1A33 fire control system, a 9K112-1 “Kobra” ATGM system (known as the NATO code “AT-8 Songster”), a TPN-1-49-23 sight, a 2A46-2 gun, a 2E26M stabilizer, and a 6ETs40 loader. The later B/BV models incorporate more advanced systems like the 1A33-1, TPN-3-49, 2E42, and a 2A46M-1 gun. The T-64B was officially adopted into service in 1976. The T-64BV variant offers enhanced anti-radiation protection and additional explosive reactive armour. Production of the T-64BV commenced in 1985. Equipped with a 125 mm 2A46M-1 smoothbore gun, the T-64B is armed for combat. It also features a 7.62mm coaxial machine gun mounted on the right side of the main armament, and a 12.7mm NSVT machine gun on the commander hatch, which can be operated from within the tank. Additionally, the turret is equipped with two sets of four smoke grenade dischargers on the left side. The T-64BV is powered by a 700 hp diesel liquid-cooled engine, known as the 5TDF, which operates at 3,000 rpm. This engine is coupled with a hydraulically assisted transmission offering 7 forward gears and 1 reverse gear. The T-64BV can achieve a maximum road speed of 45 km/h and has a cruising range of up to 600 km.

The T-62M/MV tanks, which are part of Uzbekistan’s military arsenal, are upgraded versions of the standard Russian-made T-62 main battle tank. The T-62M, which was adopted by the Russian armed forces in 1983, boasts a Sheksna (AT-12 Swinger) laser beam-riding missile system, passive armour protection, a V-55U engine, and the R-173 communications system. On the other hand, the T-62MV is a more modernized version of the T-62M tank. The T-62M tank has undergone several improvements, including an enhanced engine, a laser rangefinder, and a better suspension system. Meanwhile, the T-62MV has introduced new explosive reactive armour and improved firepower. The T-62M main battle tank was first introduced in the early 1960s and has since undergone several upgrades to improve its armour protection, mobility, and firepower. The T-62M is equipped with an enhanced engine, an upgraded suspension system, and a laser rangefinder, providing improved performance and accuracy. The T-62MV, on the other hand, is a more advanced version of the T-62M tank.