Narendra Modi’s historic 3rd term: A new chapter in India’s political journey

As Narendra Modi takes his oath for a third term on June 9, 2024, his political journey reaches a historic milestone, equalling the three-term record of former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.

As Narendra Modi prepares to take his oath as Prime Minister for a third consecutive term, the significance of this milestone cannot be overstated. Scheduled to take place at 7.15 p.m. at Rashtrapati Bhavan, this ceremony will be a moment of great pride for Modi and his supporters, symbolizing not only his enduring political appeal but also a remarkable period of transformation for India.

The First Oath: 2014 – A New Era Begins

Narendra Modi’s first swearing-in ceremony on May 26, 2014, was a momentous occasion that marked a new chapter in India’s political history. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) secured a landslide victory, ending a decade-long rule of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) and bringing Modi, a charismatic and controversial figure, to the forefront of Indian politics.

Held at Rashtrapati Bhavan, the ceremony was attended by dignitaries, political leaders, and celebrities. Modi’s first term was characterized by bold economic reforms, including the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and the demonetization initiative aimed at curbing black money. His “Make in India” campaign sought to boost manufacturing and create jobs, while international outreach, encapsulated by his numerous foreign visits, aimed to position India as a global player.

The Second Oath: 2019 – Consolidation of Power

On May 30, 2019, Modi took the oath of office for the second time following another resounding electoral victory. This ceremony, also held at Rashtrapati Bhavan, was even more grandiose, reflecting Modi’s strengthened mandate. The presence of regional leaders and representatives from BIMSTEC countries underscored India’s strategic positioning in South Asia.

Modi’s second term focused on further economic reforms and significant policy changes. The controversial abrogation of Article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir was a defining move, aiming to integrate the region more closely with the rest of India but sparking widespread debate and international concern. The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) also stirred nationwide protests, reflecting the divisive nature of some of the administration’s policies.

Despite these controversies, Modi’s second term also saw continued efforts in infrastructure development and digital transformation through initiatives like Digital India and Smart Cities.

The Third Oath: 2024 – A Legacy Cemented

As Narendra Modi takes his oath for a third term on June 9, 2024, his political journey reaches a historic milestone, equalling the three-term record of former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. The ceremony, set against the backdrop of Rashtrapati Bhavan, will see the attendance of several prominent leaders from neighbouring countries, including the Presidents of Sri Lanka and Maldives, the Prime Ministers of Bangladesh, Mauritius, Nepal, and Bhutan, and the Vice-President of Seychelles.

Modi began his day by paying tributes to Mahatma Gandhi at Rajghat and former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee at Sadaiv Atal, symbolically linking his leadership to the legacies of these towering figures. He also visited the National War Memorial, accompanied by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, to honour India’s fallen soldiers.

Modi’s third term comes at a critical juncture. Economically, India faces the challenge of sustaining growth amidst global uncertainties. The ongoing pandemic recovery, inflation, and unemployment are pressing issues. Modi’s previous terms have laid a foundation through various economic policies, but the third term will need innovative approaches to ensure inclusive growth.

On the international front, India’s role as a balancing power in the Indo-Pacific and its relationships with major powers like the United States, China, and Russia will be closely watched. Modi’s diplomatic engagements in his earlier terms have strengthened India’s global position, but navigating the complexities of international politics in a volatile world remains a significant challenge.

Domestically, the political landscape continues to evolve. While Modi enjoys substantial support, the opposition remains active, and issues like communal harmony, freedom of expression, and federalism are likely to stay contentious. Modi’s government will need to address these concerns while pushing forward with its development agenda.

Conclusion

Narendra Modi’s third term as Prime Minister is not just a testament to his political acumen but also a reflection of the aspirations of a significant segment of the Indian populace. As he takes the oath tonight, the eyes of the nation and the world will be on him, anticipating how he will steer India through the complexities of the modern world. With immense challenges and opportunities ahead, Modi’s leadership in this term will be crucial in shaping the future trajectory of India.