Russian T-14 Armata: specifications, variants, and its strategic role in ongoing operations

Russia made a declaration at the 2023 Aero India defence aerospace expo in India that it was prepared to provide T-14 Armata technologies to work together on the joint development of the MBT that the Indian Army will eventually use. The Russian news agency RIA then announced on April 25, 2023, that the T-14 Armata had been deployed in Ukraine.

In 2013, the Russian defence company Uralvagonzavod began a development project that resulted in the delivery of the prototype of the T-14 Armata, an innovative Main Battle Tank (MBT). This was initially unveiled in 2015. The T-95 Object 195, a Russian main battle tank, and the “Black Eagle” project tank, which was on display at the 1999 Omsk defence exhibition, are cited as sources of inspiration for the distinctive Armata. 

Beyond the T-90 in terms of firepower, the Armata is uniquely equipped with an unmanned remote weapon station turret, which has Russian experts excited about the tank’s potential development into a fully autonomous warfare system ready to lead an offensive. The T-14 Armata was first seen in public on May 9, 2015, during the Moscow military parade. It was originally field tested in 2014, and the Russian Armed Forces received its first shipment of the vehicle in 2015. 

Based on the heavy-tracked unified Armata platform, the first T-14 MBTs were assigned to the Taman division’s 1st Guard’s Tank Regiment. Russian TV host and journalist Vladimir Solovyov declared on December 25, 2022, that the first T-14 Armata tanks of the Russian army had arrived in the Donbas region of Ukraine.

Russia made a declaration at the 2023 Aero India defence aerospace expo in India that it was prepared to provide T-14 Armata technologies to work together on the joint development of the MBT that the Indian Army will eventually use. The Russian news agency RIA then announced on April 25, 2023, that the T-14 Armata had been deployed in Ukraine.

Specifications:

Measuring 10.7 metres in length, 3.5 metres in width, and 3.3 metres in height, the T-14 Armata is a main battle tank with a tonnage of 55 tonnes. The tank has a formidable 2A82-1M 125 mm smoothbore cannon and two additional pieces of armament: a 12.7 mm Kord machine gun and a 7.62 mm PKTM machine gun. It is driven by a three-man crew. 

With a power-to-weight ratio of 20.4 kW/t (27.3 hp/t), the tank’s 12N360 Diesel Double Turbocharger engine, which generates 1,100 kW (1,500 horsepower), further highlights its advanced capabilities. With a hydropneumatic suspension system and a 12-speed automatic transmission, the T-14 Armata can reach a top speed of 75–80 km/h (47–50 mph).

The tank can operate up to 500 km (310 mi) at a time. It has 2000 rounds for the coaxial machine gun and 45 ammunition for the main gun, of which 32 are kept in the autoloader. The armour of the tank is made of 44S-sv-Sh Steel, which offers better protection. 

A maximum shooting range of 12 km and an effective firing range of 5 km are claimed by Uralvagonzavod. The powerful 2A83 152 mm tank gun might be included in a later iteration. In the context of contemporary armoured warfare, the T-14 Armata is a potent and highly sophisticated weapon.

Variants:

The Tachanka-B is an unmanned Armata version that is presently under development and scheduled for deployment in the future. Based on the T-14 Armata chassis, the T-16 Armata BREM is an armoured recovery variant. The T-16 is distinguished by the lack of the typical T-14 turret and has a small remotely operated weapon station that is armed with a powerful 12.7mm Kord heavy machine gun. A sturdy crane is mounted on the right side of the hull’s roof to improve recovery possibilities. Slat armour protects the crane’s housing, enhancing frontal protection.

Operations:

According to recent reports, the T-14 Armata tank has been used by the Russian military in operations within Ukraine. Notable for its modular battle platform, the T-14 allows for the production of a wide range of armoured vehicles, such as armoured personnel carriers (APCs) and massive infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs). According to several additional sources, the T-14 Armata can function well in extremely cold settings, down to minus 50 degrees Fahrenheit. As a result of this feature, the tank is ideal for the needs of the Indian Army, especially in high-altitude situations.